Meranti species as a whole have a coarser texture than that of mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) and do not have dark coloured deposits in pores. The grain is usually interlocked. All merantis have axial resin ducts aligned in long, continuous, tangential lines as seen on the end surface of the wood. These ducts sometimes contain white deposits that are visible to the naked eye, but the wood is not resinous like some keruing (Dipterocarpus) species that resemble meranti. All the meranti’s groups are machined easily except white meranti, which dulls cutters as a result of high silica content in the wood. The light red and white meranti dry easily without degrade, but dark red and yellow meranti dry more slowly with a tendency to warp.
The strength and shrinkage properties of the meranti groups compare favourably with that of northern red oak (Quercus rubra). The light red, white, and yellow meranti are not durable in exposed conditions or in ground contact, whereas dark red meranti is moderately durable. Generally, heartwood is extremely resistant to moderately resistant to preservative treatments.